Technology Advancements Designed to Reduce Costs & Increase Efficiency
According to industry experts, the U.S. government is experiencing a capacity issue for corrosion control maintenance for C-130 aircraft. The facilities available to properly strip and repaint these aircraft cannot keep up with the demands for refinishing. Solutions to this backlog will likely involve private sector investors building new corrosion control facilities to manage the work.
When considering a new corrosion control facility for C-130 aircraft, it is helpful to understand new technologies available for paint booths that comply with the latest federal and local codes. Since the earliest C-130 corrosion control paint facilities were put into service, both technology and codes have evolved. Some of these technology and code advancements can provide operational cost savings throughout the life of the facility.
There have been significant advancements in paint booth filtration technology and code requirements over the past five decades. This is especially important when painting C-130 aircraft, as the primers used contain hexavalent chromium, a carcinogenic compound. Health effects of exposure to hexavalent chromium include lung, nasal and sinus cancer, eye, nose and throat irritation, nasal septum ulcerations, skin irritation, and gastritis or ulcers.
To ensure effective reduction of chromate particles escaping to the atmosphere, the paint booth’s filtration system must meet national safety standards. Enforced by the EPA, the National Emission Standards for Hazardous Air Pollutants (NESHAP) for Aerospace Manufacturing and Rework Facilities requires the use of a compliant filtration system for their paint finishing operation.
Advancements in filtration technology include NESHAP-compliant three-stage filtration systems that can capture at least 99.7 percent of particles larger than 2 microns. The advantages of a three-stage design can be realized in operational costs, as the first- and second-stage filters are less costly filters and sequentially protect the third stage — and more expensive filters — from overspray. This reduces the need to change out costly filters, thereby saving long-term maintenance costs.
Many of the older C-130 crossdraft paint booths that exist today in the U.S. were designed and built without recirculation and with an airflow rate of 100 feet per minute (fpm). Today, 75 fpm is more typical in booths of this size. This reduced airflow rate decreases the operational expense of the booth, while still providing a safe, efficient finishing environment.
In addition to a reduced airflow rate, the design of the C-130 paint booth can decrease capital and operating expenses. Global Finishing Solutions (GFS) designs conformal aircraft paint booths to accommodate the shape of the aircraft that is painted in it, with higher ceilings over the taller parts of the aircraft. A conformal design decreases the paint booth cross-sectional area in the direction of the airflow, which decreases the overall airflow cubic feet per minute (CFM) of the booth. Mechanical equipment including Air Make-Up Units (AMUs) and fans can then be reduced in capacity.
With advancements in monitoring for lower explosion limit (LEL) and volatile organic compounds (VOCs), it is now much more common to see paint booths that recirculate about 75 to 80 percent of pre-conditioned exhausted air back into the paint booth intake air system. These recirculation designs are less costly up front, as they reduce the size of the mechanical equipment, such as AMUs. They also save on operational costs, as they do not require as much gas or electric heat, cooling from chilled water or electric-driven compressors, and groundwater for humidification/dehumidification, since most of the pre-conditioned air is reused instead of exhausted.
There have also been advancements in Class I, Division 2 LED booth lighting. Upfront costs for LED lighting have reduced considerably from its early introduction. These light fixtures are now only a slight premium in cost in comparison to the entire budget for a paint booth. LED lighting offers the advantage of reduced operational and maintenance costs, as they are more energy efficient, give off a negligible amount of heat, do not degrade in performance over time and do not require bulb changes as frequently as traditional fluorescent lighting.
If you are considering setting up a new corrosion control hangar for C-130 aircraft that includes paint booths, it is possible to save upfront and operational costs by taking advantage of new technologies and advancements in filtration, recirculation and lighting. The result will be a faster payback to your investment and higher-quality finishes.