Air make-up units replace contaminated air exhausted from industrial and commercial buildings or spray booths, with heated outdoor air. AMUs maintain a constant leaving-air temperature regardless of the incoming, outdoor air temperature. Air make-up units replenish equal amounts of fresh air for every cubic foot of air exhausted.
A direct-fired burner with a turndown ratio of 30:1 is 100 percent efficient — all the heat goes directly into the airstream. The high turndown capability allows the flame to adjust to outdoor air temperature swings throughout heating season. For example, a unit with a maximum temperature rise of 90 degrees in the winter can adjust down to as little as a 3 degree temperature rise for milder spring and fall weather.
Whether you are looking to purchase a new paint booth or have a current booth without an air replacement system, it is important to understand how the air that is exhausted from your paint booth is or will be replaced.
The constant volume system provides a consistent rate of supply air to the facility. The direct-fired air system heater warms the fresh air on intake, eliminating energy losses associated with alternative heat sources.
In most applications, the intake air is of slightly higher volume than the exhausted air, resulting in a positive building pressure for best results. However, these units can be adjusted to intake less volume than the exhaust for applications requiring a negative building pressure.
When air replacement requirements fluctuate and constant-volume or two-speed systems are not suitable, a variable air volume system is the solution. By integrating a VFD into the motor system, automatic adjustments can be made to the system during operation to compensate for changing conditions. Several options are available to control these adjustments:
A potentiometer can be used to manually adjust CFM
Preset CFM levels can be programmed and manually selected
A pressure control device can be added to automatically adjust the CFM relative to building pressure
The VFD allows for much lower energy costs due to smooth motor start-up and the elimination of power spikes. Integrated safety features have been added to ensure safe burner operation.
For operations requiring recirculating capability, an 80/20 system can provide energy-efficient make-up air and heating functions. By drawing at least 20 percent outside air, and up to 80 percent recirculated air from the building, the 80/20 system reduces the energy needed for heating. The ratio of new-to-recirculated air varies according to the requirements of the building environment.
Automatic sensors and pressure monitors continually adjust to maintain the most consistent working environment, the most efficient operation and lowest operating cost. These units can be configured as a fully-functional building heat unit, a supplementary air make-up or as a combination of both.
During Spray Booth Operations:
A spray booth’s exhaust system is removing significant quantities of shop or plant air. A typical 10 ft. x 8 ft. x 6 ft. paint booth may exhaust more than 8,000 CFM. If replacement air is pulled directly from outside, this volume may be sufficient to cool the interior of the building and may adversely affect the quality of coatings. An air make-up unit, which supplies conditioned and filtered air to the booth, may be required to minimize temperature variations and remove particles that compromise finish quality.
In the case of pressurized paint booths, air replacement is introduced directly into the booth, eliminating the need for air to be drawn from the facility. This allows for greater control over the temperature and filtration quality in both the facility and the spray booth environment, therefore improving working conditions and lowering overall operating costs.
In variable speed and recirculating units, the AMU is designed to discharge either 140 or 160-degree Fahrenheit air for an accelerated curing cycle. These systems also include an auto-balance system with a variable frequency drive (VFD) to automatically adjust the airflow of the exhaust fan(s) and ensure proper booth balance, not only during cure mode but also during paint mode.
This design recirculates up to 80 percent of the air while exhausting 20 percent to the atmosphere, providing further energy efficiency through the recirculation of heated air, requiring less for the heating unit.
Accessories & Options:
Unit Location Considerations:
Inlet hood with 2 in. cleanable filter with bird screen
Fresh air intake vs. shop air intake
Fresh air V-Bank filter sections
Unit size and arrangement
Return air V-Bank filter sections
Proximity of the AMU air discharge to spray booth
External/Internal discharge dampers
Access for installation and service
Air diffuser heads
Vertical mounting stand (enclosed and open)
Casing insulation with G90 galvanized steel liners
Control panel with operating lights
Spring isolated blower and motor
GFS guarantees that our products meet or exceed all of the applicable codes related to the equipment. Our engineers regularly follow and contribute to the advancement of codes and standards that affect the industries that we work in. One of our engineers currently serves on the NFPA Technical Committee on Finishing Processes, a key standard in the finishing industry.
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